Site preparation is not such a fun and interesting process, but it is an important prerequisite for the rest of the construction work to be successful. It is the first step that ensures that every subsequent step related to the construction work itself is optimized and leads you to the success of the project. But what exactly is site preparation? It includes all the activities of the professionals who ensure that the site is completely safe to work on and ready to carry out the project. Failure to clean and prepare the site for construction work can lead to adverse consequences, such as the inability to obtain the necessary building permits, delays in the execution of the work and damage to the reputation of the company. Here are 3 tips to understand the process of preparing a construction site.
1. Learn more about what exactly site preparation is
Site preparation includes all the steps that need to be taken so that engineers can start working smoothly on the implementation of a new project. The site preparation phase is of great value, as it is an important prerequisite for the success of all other works. It includes the demolition of all existing buildings that are a nuisance to the site and the clearing of all unnecessary elements. It may also include some underground services, as well as site surveying and pest treatment. Basically anything that can interfere with the success of the rest of the building process in any way.
This also includes the process of excavation and removal of excess soil from the site. To excavatingcontractorlosangeles.com/ you can find services that include removing soil from the ground, transferring soil from one site to another, backfilling soil into previously excavated spaces, and modifying sites to suit the individual needs of the clients.
The lack of optimal preparation of the site leads to the postponement of the entire project, as well as many obstacles which could have been removed in time. The site preparation process itself consists of several key steps.
2. Find out about the stages of site preparation
Soil test phase
The first step in preparing a construction site is to examine the ground and obtain all the necessary information in order to draw a clear conclusion as to whether or not the site is suitable for building design. Without soil analysis, it is not possible to start designing, because there is a risk that everything will be in vain if the soil is not suitable.
Geotechnical soil testing provides more information on the type of soil, its properties, as well as its bearing capacity. Keep in mind that sometimes the bearing capacity of the soil is not optimal, but it should not be an obstacle to construction in this place. Sometimes it is enough to carry out a reinforcement treatment to optimize the soil and allow other stages of the construction project.
In addition, this test phase will provide more information on slope stability, groundwater level, soil resistance, its classification and other important parameters.
The second step in the process of preparing a construction site is to thoroughly clean it. This part of the process involves the removal of buildings and other structures located where the new facility is planned. Sometimes a particular object on the site does not require complete demolition, but only repair, so it can also be done in this phase.
It also includes tree removal and underground services to eliminate underground infrastructure which is redundant for this particular project. Cleaning the construction site also means eliminating termites and pests that could somehow interfere with the construction process and pose a hazard. This cleaning phase is not very glamorous, but it is high priority and necessary for the smooth running of all other construction phases, so it must be done in the right way.
Site planning and surveying
Once you’ve completed the previous steps, it’s time to focus on laying out and surveying the construction site. You want to make sure you build a new facility in the right place, pre-determined and marked with stakes or physical markets. In this way, the surveyor will precisely locate the limits of the new installation and thus provide the necessary information on the location of the access roads, what will be the locations of the drainage systemsand more.
Design of site plans
Now that the site is completely clean, the soil has been tested, and a landscaping and surveying has been done, it’s time to install all the necessary septic tanks and drainage. Once done, the design plan should be modified to include the installed items. The design plan should also have recorded the areas below ground. Execution of work at the site is a very dynamic process that involves the constant introduction of changes, therefore it is necessary that the design of the site plan is constantly adjusted. This plan must always be updated in the field to facilitate the follow-up of the introduced modifications and to make sure that nothing is forgotten.
3. Keep in mind how long site preparation takes
The site preparation phase can have different durations, depending on several factors. The first factor is certainly the size of the project. When it comes to regular projects such as the construction of residential buildings, the preparation phase usually lasts between one and two months. If the project is a little more complex, the preparation process will take longer.
Another factor that affects the duration of site preparation is the efficiency of the contractor, so be sure to choose professionals who can finish it in the shortest possible time, and the end result will be more than satisfactory.
The site preparation phase is not the most glamorous, but it is essential for the smooth running of the rest of the work. It includes several stages: soil analysis phase, site clearing, land development, surveying and design of the site plan. The whole preparation process usually takes between 1 and 2 months, but it can take longer when it comes to more complex projects.