1. To mulch or not to mulch?
Mulch is a good way to discourage weed growth and help retain moisture in your garden soil.
There are two basic types of mulch: organic and inorganic, both have their advantages and disadvantages.
Organic mulches include once-living materials such as cut leaves, straw, grass clippings, compost, wood chips and shredded bark. Organic mulches have the advantage of improving the soil as they break down.
2. What to do with your perennials
A perennial is a plant that lives for more than two years. The term is often used to differentiate a plant from shorter-lived annuals and biennials.
Some perennials do not tolerate cold well and can be damaged by winter frosts. This can lead to recurring problems with pests and diseases.
Cutting some perennials in the fall can protect them from the cold and trigger healthy growth in the spring.
3. Tips for pruning roses
You will want to reduce the size of the rose bush from about a third to a half. Use sharp, clean pruning tools. Remove all dead and damaged branches.
Remove any intersecting branches, to encourage the plant to take the shape of a vase. Remove any small branches, anything smaller than a pencil.
Look for the heads facing out and cut about 10mm above the heads and cut at a 45 Â° angle, this helps water flow and reduces the risk of disease.